Global IP

Global IP

IP is one of the few legal systems that have a global impact. A series of treaties and agreements mean that the IP regime follows similar rules in many nations. Many forms of IP also have options where an applicant can file in one country and use that application as a springboard to file in many others. At PA Legal, we take the time to analyze your situation and that of your property, to provide for you the best global strategy for IP Protection.

Having worked with clients in more than 15 countries, our team is experienced at handling the minutiae of international applications and prosecutions.

Our Blogs

Are Arms and Ammunition Patentable? | IP Conversations

Guns and other firearms are certainly inventions which require a lot of intellectual input and...
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What is the Doctrine of Exhaustion In Copyright Law?

Introduction Copyright law plays a crucial role in protecting the creative works of individuals and...
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What’s An Invention That Optimizes AC in ATMs? | IP Conversations

Patented inventions are unique and innovative by definition, and they have a number of diverse...
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How Does Cybersquatting Effect Online Brands?

Cybersquatting has emerged as a significant concern in the digital era, posing a threat to...
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Can Copyright Law Safeguard Character Costumes?

Introduction In the 1930s, this new concept of protecting the characters and character merchandising came...
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What Is Patent Anticipation? | IP Conversations

One of the most important requirements for any invention to quality for a patent is...
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Patents Simplified: Compressible Mortar and Pestle

Background Do you think only highly technical features will get you a patent? The following...
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What‘s The Invention Which Lets You Know If You‘ve Been Bowled Out? | IP Conversations

Patented inventions are unique and innovative by definition, and they have a number of diverse...
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How Can We Safeguard Trade Secrets in the Digital Era?

Why Is There A Need to Focus on Digital Protection? In today's rapidly evolving digital...
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Why Should You Do A Patent Search? | IP Conversations

Inventing a unique product or system and then applying for a patent on it can...
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Do Fictional Characters Have Copyright Protection?

A fictional character is a make-believe individual depicted in work of fiction such as Spiderman,...
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What Are Trademark Classes? | IP Conversations

Trademarks are required to be unique, but bid you know that theoretically speaking, you can...
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How Does IP Help in Safeguarding Traditional Knowledge?

Introduction In a world marked by rapid technological advancements and globalized markets, the preservation and...
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Why Are Patent Terms Limited? | IP Conversations

Patents are a crucial element of the innovation industry, providing inventors with exclusive rights to...
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Patents Simplified: A System for Sorting Packages in a Warehouse

About the Patent With the rapid growth in businesses and market needs, a new challenge...
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Can a Patent Protect Your Beer from the Weather? | IP Conversations

Patents are unique and innovative by definition, and they have a number of diverse functions....
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What Are Some Important Cases and Provisions Regarding Well-Known Trademarks In India?

Last week, we took a look into well-known trademarks and how they could be filed...
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Can you Trademark Your Youtube Channel Name? | IP Conversations

Did you know that the world watches about 5 billion (that's with a B) videos...
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What Are Well-Known Trademarks and How Can You File One in India?

What Are Well-Known Trademarks? Trademarks are extremely important for a business to grow by leaps...
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Can Patents Shield You From Competition Law? | IP Conversations

Every country works under a multitude of laws, and sometimes the subjects of those laws...
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Patents Simplified: Energy Optimization in Aircrafts

Introduction The invention with a method for optimized recovery of dissipated energy could be vital...
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Can You Use Your Brainwaves to Move? | IP Conversations

Patents are unique and innovative by definition, and they have a number of diverse functions....
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Should Business Methods Be Patentable?

The non-patentability of business method patents under Indian law is one of the principal areas...
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How Is Social Media Content Protected? | IP Conversations

Everyone loves social media, or at least loves the content we can find on social...
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Patents Simplified: Methods and Systems for Assisting a Driver of a Vehicle

About the Patent The advantages of machine assistance to driving are manifold, whether while travelling...
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How Can You Protect A Coffee Mug? | IP Conversations

Patents protect unique and useful inventions- but how can you protect the IP of unique...
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What are Some of the Guidelines for Domain Name Registration in India?

Earlier, we looked into how trademarks could protect domain names on this blog, but domain...
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Do You Know About the Patent That Calculated Your Life Expectancy? | IP Conversations

Patents are unique and innovative by definition, and they have a number of diverse functions....
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IP Protection in the Fashion Industry

A multibillion-dollar industry is supported by fashion designers, who also serve as leaders in creativity...
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What is Patent Examination? | IP Conversations

The patent process can be pretty complicated, and one the most important part of that...
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What is Fair Use in Copyright Law?

Copyright law is in place to protect unauthorized use of the original work of the...
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Can Memes Get Copyright Protection? | IP Conversations

All of us have seen memes on the internet, and most of us have engaged...
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What Are the Timelines Involved in PCT and Paris Convention Systems?

In order to protect their intellectual property internationally without having to deal with the burden...
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What Are Patent Working Requirements?

A functioning requirement is a clause in a national patent law that mandates that the...
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Can You Patent A Mobile Application? | IP Conversations

In today's world, our phones and the apps installed in them are vital to our...
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How Can Trademarks Protect Domain Names in India?

A domain name, also referred to as a URL (uniform resource locator), is a word...
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What are Well-Known Trademarks? | IP Conversations

Trademarks that are recognizable are a dime a dozen. After all, recognizability is the point...
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Compulsory Licensing In India

Compulsory licensing is a provision in the Indian Patents Act, 1970 that allows the government...
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Can You Patent A Recipe? | IP Conversations

Some time ago, we explored the possibilities of patenting a perfume. But do you know...
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What Are Some Potential Effects of ChatGPT on Intellectual Property?

Introduction The ownership rights of artificial intelligence (AI) and humans is a complex and evolving...
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Can You Trademark Your Signatures? | IP Conversations

Trademarks come in many forms- from recognizable brand names or logos to more ephemeral things...
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Comparative Advertising Around the World

Comparative advertising is a type of advertising that compares two or more products or services,...
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How Can Winnie the Pooh Become A Horror Movie Villain? | IP Conversations

We all have a number of beloved cure and friendly characters from our childhoods. But...
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Can An Invention Be Protected By Both Patents and Trade Secrets?

Patents and Trade secrets can theoretically coexist. This is because the former can protect patentable...
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How Do You Tax A Patent? | IP Conversations

Tax is levied on all Indian residents and organizations who can be taxed, but did...
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Are Comparative Advertisements Allowed in India?

Introduction Comparative advertising is a marketing strategy in which a company's product or service is...
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What is a Patent Claim? | IP Conversations

Why are patent claims the most important part of a patent application? Read this IP...
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Are Intermediaries Liable for Third-Party Content?

What is an Intermediary? An intermediary has been defined under Section 2(w) of the Information...
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Can You Patent A Perfume? | IP Conversations

Many things can get a patent- processes for creating new chemicals, new drugs, new mechanical...
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ChatGPT: Who Owns The Copyright?

What is ChatGPT? ChatGPT (the GPT stands for Generative Pre-Trained Transformer) applies large language models...
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How and Why is Super Mario an IP? | IP Conversations

Can a character have an IP? How do well known franchises protect their very valuable...
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India’s Decriminalization Bill and What It Means For IP (Part II)

Last week, we looked into how the proposed decriminalization bill affects copyrights, trademarks and geographical...
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What Makes Trade Secrets Valuable?| IP Conversations

Everyone knows that patents can be very valuable financial assets? But did you know that...
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India’s Decriminalization Bill and What It Means For IP (Part I)

On December 22, 2022, the Jan Vishwas (Amendment of Provisions) Bill was introduced in India’s...
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Is ChatGPT Coming For Your Job?| IP Conversations

With the recent release of GPT 4.0, ChatGPT is even more in the news than...
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What is a Green Patent?| IP Conversations

Climate change and environmental problems have made its mark on our generation. But did you...
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What is the First Sale Doctrine in Copyright Law?

What is the First Sale Doctrine? The doctrine of first sale, in essence, limits the...
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What is Patent Licensing? | IP Conversations

Conventional wisdom about patents go like this- you make a technology that's novel and unique,...
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How Can IP Protect Mobile Apps?

Application software or apps, programs designed to help customers perform specific tasks or activities, are...
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Can We Use IP to Protect Software?

A key question that confronts participants in any disruptive and innovative industry is that of...
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Are Tesla Patents Free? | IP Conversations

Elon Musk has been in the news a lot recently. The tech billionaire is famous...
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What Should You Keep In Mind When Drafting a SaaS Agreement?

Cloud kitchens today have done away with the cost of maintaining premises or physical stores...
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Why Must You Pay Attention to IP and IP Strategy?

Over the past couple of decades, Intellectual Property has gone from being a necessary side-venture...
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Can An AI Be An Inventor? | IP Conversations

Has the rise of chatGPT made you more curious about Artificial Intelligence? As many workers...
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Can the IPO Raise New Objections During the Patent Hearing?

Filing and applying for a patent is an exhaustive and expensive process which requires intense...
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Can IP Protect Herbal Drugs?

Herbal medicines include herbs, herbal materials, herbal preparations and finished herbal products that contain active...
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How Did Valentines’ Day Make Patent History? | IP Conversations

Have you made plans for this Valentine's Day? People all over the world celebrate Valentine's...
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Can You Get A Worldwide Patent?

To begin with, the simple answer to this question is no. You cannot get a...
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How Do You Protect Trade Secrets?

Trade secrets are a type of intellectual property that refers to confidential business information that...
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Has Lamborghini Trademarked the Way Its Doors Open? | IP Conversations

Have you heard that Lamborghini has trademarked the way its doors open? We are talking...
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5 Mistakes Commonly Made by IP Owners

We have made a whole lot of content relating to how important IP is and...
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How Do Patents Affect Public Health?

Patents play a crucial role in protecting public health by providing incentives for companies to...
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What Is Expedited Patent Examination? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Is Your Product Patentable?

If you have developed your product, or are in the process of developing your product...
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What is the State of IPR in Today’s World?

In today's digital age, modern technologies have become an integral part of our daily lives....
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What Is A Selfmark And Who Can Own One? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Exactly is a Patent?

If you have developed a product or started a new business, chances are you’ve considered...
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What Are the Benefits of Trademark Registration?

A Trademark can be defined as any mark, symbol, logo, word, phrase, design, or combination...
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What Are Trademark Classes? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Should You File a Provisional Patent Application?

Patent filing can be a complicated process, and innovators often do not know how or...
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What is the Impact of Patents on National Growth?

The relationship between patents and economic growth is complex and multifaceted. Patents can encourage innovation...
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What is Patent Anticipation? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Does the Patent Process Work in India?

If you’re here, it’s likely that you’ve developed a product that is new and full...
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How Do You Oppose A Trademark In India?

Introduction In India, the process of trademark registration follows a set of rules and procedures...
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What is the Concept of Unity of Invention? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Is the Economic Significance of IP?

To start with, methods of doing business have changed over the years. People in the...
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What is Patent Examination? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Is Mandatory Registration for Your Copyright?

Copyright is one of the oldest forms of IP protection, dating back to a statute...
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What is a Divisional Patent Application? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Get a “Patent Pending” Status in India?

If you have developed a product or a process which you think is new, you...
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Case Note: R.G Anand v. M/s Deluxe Films & Ors.

Introduction The case of R.G Anand v. M/s Deluxe Films & Ors is a landmark...
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Who Owns the Cover Version of a Song? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Where Can You Find IP In Your Daily Life?

The idea of Intellectual Property (or IP) can seem intimidating at first glance, but IP...
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When Can a Trademark Not Be Registered?

A Trademark , in layman’s understanding would mean a business mark and particularly a logo....
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How Do You Innovate Effectively? – Dr. Hemang Shah | Innovation Journey |  The Priggya Arora Show

Welcome to The Priggya Arora Show, where we have in-depth conversations about law, innovation and...
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What is a Patent Landscape Search? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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IP Rights in the Virtual World

Introduction “Metaverse” is a portmanteau of two words; Meta which means “beyond” and Verse which...
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Important Patent Documents Part III – Patent Grant & Opposition

Introduction We’ve already covered the filing stage and the prosecution stage of the patent process...
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What Is a Freedom to Operate Search? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What are the IT Rules Amendments of 2022?

Introduction The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (“MEITY”), on 6th June 2022, issued a press...
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Ribociclib: Is Compulsory Licensing the Answer?

Introduction Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women, and it has...
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What Is Patent Publication? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Vifor vs. CCI : Competition and Patent Law in India

Patent laws and competition law may seem to be in conflict with each other at...
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Important Patent Documents Part II – Patent Prosecution

Introduction Even after you’ve filed the papers required for application as per our last blog...
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Can A Saree Get IP Protection? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Important Patent Documents Part I – Patent Filing

Introduction In India, the following persons can file a patent application under Section 6 (1)...
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What’s the Difference Between Geographical Indicators and Certification Marks?

What is a Geographical Indicator? Articles 22 to 24 of TRIPS deals with GI tags....
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Does Your Invention Qualify For A Patent? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Why is Data Protection Important?

It is said that even if nobody is watching you, God is watching. Today, besides...
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What is Patent Insurance?

Introduction For those working in an industry where inventions are commonly patented, patent trolls tend...
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Can You Patent An Idea? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Case Note: Novartis AG vs Union Of India & Ors.

Introduction The Novartis case was a landmark 2013 judgement in Indian Patent law. In it,...
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What is the Deadline for Filing an Office Action Response to a US Trademark?

As of now, the answer to that is six months from the date of mailing...
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What’s the Limit of Trademark Protection? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is Novelty in Patents?

Introduction In India, there are 3 conditions to be satisfied by an invention, for the...
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How Can We Effectively Make Use of the RTI Act?

Introduction The Right to Information Act, 2005, provides every citizen of India, access to information...
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What is a Provisional Patent Application? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Are the Civil Remedies Given to IP Under TRIPS?

Introduction Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) is a World Trade Organization (WTO) multilateral agreement...
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How Can You Protect Software in India?

Introduction India has recently emerged as a leader in different areas of focus such as...
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Why Are Patent Terms Limited? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Are the Effects of Digitization on Copyright Infringement?

Introduction Innovation is extremely important for the development of humankind and it has in turn...
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How Do You Deal With a Lapsed Patent?

Introduction A patent is granted to the inventor over his invention, allowing him/her to control...
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Can You Protect Ornamental Objects? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Have TRIPS Flexibilities Made Medicine More Accessible?

Introduction TRIPS stands for agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of intellectual property rights. It is a...
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Why Are Trade Secrets So Important to Businesses?

Introduction In today’ world, business is about innovation, upgradation, and creating a new product or...
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Can A Granted Patent Lapse? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Tax A Patent?

Introduction A tax is a compulsory fee or financial charge levied by a government on...
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What is Trade Dress Protection?

Introduction “Product packaging” or the sheer look of an invention at present has become just...
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What Are Standard Essential Patents? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Case Note: American Axle & Manufacturing, Inc., v. Neapco Holdings LLC (2022)

Why Is This Case Under Discussion? Recently, The Supreme Court of the USA declined a...
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Can You Protect a Design Internationally?

What is Design Protection? When a product is conceptualized, its design is an integral part...
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Why Should You Do A Patent Search? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Is Pegasus Spyware and Why Is It In the News?

What is Pegasus? Prior to 2022, the word Pegasus might have brought to mind the...
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Case Note: Dabur India Limited V. Ashok Kumar & Ors

Introduction Ever wondered what the law has to say about domain names which are deceptively...
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What is a PCT Application? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Patentability Requirements in India, the USA, and the EU

Patentability Requirements in India A patent is an exclusive right granted to the original inventor...
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How Can You File a Patent In Multiple Countries? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Why Did Oppo and OnePlus Phones Get “Banned” in Germany?

What Exactly is Happening Here? Nokia currently holds the rights to Standard-Essential Patents in the...
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Patents Simplified: Can We have a Smartphone With A Full-Surface Screen?

About the Invention In contemporary times smartphones have become an essential part of an individual,...
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Why and When Should You File For A Patent? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Patent A Business Method?

Can You Patent A Business Method? Imagine yourself as an inventor. You’ve heavily invested in...
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Can We Trademark the National Flag? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is Cybersquatting?

What Is Cybersquatting? A new revolution is underway in the field of communication, providing cyberspace...
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Can We Photograph IP-Protected Objects? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Patent Living Organisms in Europe?

Introduction A Patent is a form of Intellectual Property Right, which are rights of ownership...
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Case Note: Dabur India Limited V. Ashok Kumar & Ors

Introduction Ever wondered what the law has to say about domain names which are deceptively...
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What is a Patent Cliff?

Introduction You've developed a drug or medicine. You’ve spent years developing it, spent practically all...
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How Can Athletes Use IP? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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6 Things You Need to Know About Design Protection

According to the Indian Designs Act, 2000, the term “design” refers to the specific features...
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Can Mathematical Methods be Patented? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Register a Design in India?

What is a Design? According to the Indian Designs Act, 2000, the term "design" refers...
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Can We Protect Food with IP? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Can “Deemed To Be Abandoned” Patents Be Revived?

What is Section 21 of the Patents Act? When a patent applicant does not comply...
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Can Patent Claims be Interpreted Broadly?

Amendments to Patent Specifications Claims determine the scope or extent of protection granted to a...
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What Happens When Organizations Don’t Do Their Due Diligence? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What’s the Difference Between a Trademark and a Brand?

Introduction It is not uncommon for people to confuse a company's trademark with its brand,...
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What is the Influence of IP on E-Sports and Gaming?

How Are E-Sports Heralding a New Era? Sports are pretty easy to define. They are...
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Can You Patent Innovative Agricultural Methods? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Are Performer’s Rights?

Introduction Copyright is a form of intellectual property protection granted under the law to the...
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Can Food Plating Be Protected by IP?

Why is This Significant? In today’s world, one cannot deny the power of social media...
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Can Surnames Be Trademarked? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Revoke a Patent?

What is Revocation of Patent? The term “Revocation” means Cancellation of the patent rights granted...
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An Introduction to NFTs

Consider Non Fungible Tokens, a concept that has been making waves (and dips) all over...
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Can A Granted Patent Be Revoked? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Decide if a Trademark is Likely to Cause Confusion?

What is Likelihood of Confusion in Trademarks? Trademarks are primarily based around the ability of...
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How Do You Protect Software with Copyright Law?

How is Software Protected? Software is something that people normally associate with technology, and we...
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Can Software Be Patented in India? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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IP Overview | Patent Opposition in India

What is a patent? The patent refers to the exclusive right which is granted to...
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IP Simplified | Overview of the Patents Act, 1970

What is a Patent? A patent is the exclusive right granted for an invention, which...
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What Kind of Drugs Can Be Patented in India? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is the Idea-Expression Dichotomy In Copyright Law?

Ideas, Expression, and Copyright Can you copyright an idea, and if not why not? And...
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What is the Patent Cooperation Treaty?

International Patent Filings In our previous article, we discussed forms of international patent filing and...
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Are Arms and Ammunition Patentable? IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is the Paris Convention in IP Law?

Do Global IP Rights Exist? Laws, as we all know by now, are territorial. Many...
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Who Owns Celebrity Publicity Rights? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is Deceptive Similarity in Trademarks?

What is Deceptive Similarity? It is generally not a very pretty sight when two people...
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What are the Copyright Issues involved in Research?

Introduction Intellectual Property is regarded as one of the most thought-provoking and unconventional domains in...
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Does IP Play Any Role in Religion? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is the First Sale Doctrine in Copyright?

What is the First Sale Doctrine? The doctrine of first sale, in essence, limits the...
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What is the Fast Tracking of Green Patents?

The Need for Green IP In 1988 Dr. James Hansen, the then Director of NASA’s...
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Can Cartoon Characters Be Protected? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Are Amazon Prime’s Video Content Policy Guidelines?

What Are Content Guidelines? In an age of increasingly numerous streaming platforms, it may be...
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Can Unregistered Trademarks Be Protected?

Introduction The term "Passing Off" refers to the unlawful use of a trademark that is...
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What Can’t Be Patented? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Color Marks – A New Palette in the world of IPR

Why Are Color Marks Desirable? Media and advertising have over the years taken center stage...
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Patents Simplified: Automatic Multi-Functional Life Rescue Flood House

Why is this Significant? Legally speaking, floods are considered as an ‘Act of God’, something...
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What Are Copyright Societies?

Why Are Copyright Societies Necessary? Copyright societies in general are saviors of copyright owners. Copyright...
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Who Owns Bluetooth Technology? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Brand Protection in India and the USA, A Comparison

Trademark Protection in India In India, trademark rights are legally protected by the Trademark Act,...
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How Do Copyright Exceptions Work Under Indian Law?

What are Fair Use and Fair Dealing? Fair Use and Fair Dealing are concepts related...
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What is a Trade Secret? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Can You Use Graphics Similar To Popular Brands? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Respond to a Trademark Troll?

Introduction A ‘Trademark troll’ is defined as any individual or entity which engages in pre-emptive...
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Do Clothes Have IP Protection? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Can You Protect Your Social Media Content?

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Can Colours Be Protected as IP? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Examining Traditional Knowledge Through the Lens of IP Law

Introduction The cornerstone of cultural patrimony is traditional knowledge. The bulk of indigenous and local...
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What Is the Stance of US Law on Works Made For Hire?

Who Owns Creators’ Works? Spiderman, Ironman, Thor etc. are household names and the comics and...
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What is Section 3(d) of the Indian Patents Act?

What is Section 3 (d)? Any patent related statute in any country has the intention...
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Can Characters Be Copyrighted in India?

Copyright Protection for Characters Section 13 of the Indian Copyright Act provides that copyright subsists...
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The Shreya Singhal Judgement & Section 66A of the IT Act

On March 24, 2015, the Supreme Court of India ruled that that Section 66A of...
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What’s the Relationship between Descriptiveness and Distinctiveness in Trademarks?

Inherent Distinctiveness The degree to which a trade-mark does not define the nature, character, or...
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How Does Patent Evergreening Affect Innovation?

What is Patent Evergreening? The term evergreening in itself denotes the process of keeping something...
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What is Joint Authorship in Copyright Law?

The Doctrine of Joint Authorship According to Indian copyright law, an author is an individual...
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Patents Simplified: How Do Multi-Foldable Laptops Work?

Why Is This Significant? Laptops have been an essential component of people’s working lives for...
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Copyright and Song Covers: Whose Permission Do You Need?

What is the Cover Version of a Song? An original song consists of a literary...
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How Do Patent Pools Affect Innovation?

What Are Patent Pools? A patent pool is a collaboration between two or more companies...
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Patents Simplified: A Solution for Sewage Treatment

Why Is This Invention Important? Today, we can see the problem of drinking water has...
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Is Minor Usage of Media Material Copyright Infringement?

De Minimis in Copyright ‘De minimis’ refers to a trivial legal violation that is insufficient...
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What is the WIPO Copyright Treaty?

Introduction The WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) is an agreement which originated from the Berne Convention....
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What Are Authors’ Moral Rights?

Introduction Copyright primarily concerns itself with the ‘rights of the authors’ which means that the...
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What is India’s Data Security Regime?

Introduction India's privacy protection has been challenged regularly, but detractors have rarely offered detailed reform...
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How Can We Use Comparative Advertisements in India?

Introduction Comparative advertisements refer to advertisements wherein brands compare their own products/services with that of...
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The Role of IP in Mergers and Acquisitions

In recent years, mergers and acquisitions have emerged as the primary method for rapid expansion...
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How Do You Calculate of Damages Arising Out of Trademark and Copyright Infringement?

Introduction In India, when it comes to calculating the quantum of damages for IP infringement,...
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Tattoos and Copyright: How Does Having a Picture Inked to Your Body Interact With Authorship Rights?

Introduction To have a piece of art or a word engraved on one’s body takes...
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How Can IP Owners Enforce Their Rights Across Borders?

Introduction Counterfeit goods are the replicas of the real product produced with the intent to...
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How Do You Trademark Non-Traditional Marks in India?

Introduction In order to bolster their brand image and to attract the consumers companies have...
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How Do GamePlays & Walkthroughs Affect Creator Rights?

Introduction Lately the entertainment industry has been coming up with a wide variety of content...
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Digital Rights Management – Boon or Bane?

Introduction With the increase in technological advances, the world as we know it is drifting...
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Why Distinctiveness Matters in Trademark Law

Introduction Trademarks are a significant asset for any corporation. A mark can be a phrase,...
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GI As a Tool for Rural Development

Introduction A Geographical Indication is a specific type of intellectual property that is bestowed on...
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How Does Intellectual Property Influence AI & Robotics Healthcare?

Introduction The study of building computers and systems that can accomplish activities that generally require...
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Do Performers Have Any Rights Under Copyright Law?

Introduction Copyright law, broadly, provides protection for creative works. The most cited of these are...
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What Are Parallel Imports, and How Legal Are They?

Parallel Imports The term "parallel imports" causes consternation among brand owners and the general public....
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Why Are Semiconductor Layouts Treated Differently Under the IP Regime?

Introduction An Integrated Circuit is a form of circuit in which various semiconductor devices like...
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How Are Startups Affected By the IP Regime?

Introduction Novel ventures have always been an important part of the business market. In today’s...
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Should Consumers Possess the Right to Repair?

Introduction From vehicles to electronic goods, consumers, trapped in a vicious circle concocted by the...
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Can We Use Artificial Intelligence to Protect Trademarks?

Introduction A trademark is a way of marking a specific product or service with a...
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Patents and the Right to Health in the COVID-19 Era

Introduction IP Access to Health is essential nowadays in the pandemic because a healthy mind...
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How Does the Fair Use Concept Work in India?

What is Fair Use? At the outset, it is important to clarify the usages of...
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AI-Generated Inventions and Their Patentability

Introduction Artificial Intelligence refers to the creation and development of complex, human-like brains. It is a branch...
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How did Disney Influence US Copyright Law?

Copyright is what allows creators or authors have the exclusive right to reproduce their work...
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What Are the Guidelines Pertaining to Legal Reporting?

Introduction Every day, law students log in and read cases that go back as old...
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The Basics of Character Merchandising

What is Character Merchandising? At some point of time in our childhood we all have...
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Why Do Celebrities Not Own Their Paparazzi Photos?

Introduction Recently, Grammy award-winning British singer, Dua Lipa fell into some legal trouble. She was...
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How Do We Deal With Fake News?

Introduction Every day we are bombarded with hundreds of news items. From our favourite news...
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How Does Digital Piracy Affect Cinematographic Works?

Introduction The pandemic has resulted in a surge in online piracy. India showed a rise...
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How Do We Deal With Rogue Websites?

What Are Rogue Websites? The internet has brought one of the biggest revolutions in the...
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How Do We Protect Film Director Rights in India?

Introduction What is a ship without its captain? Perhaps a ship anchored at a port....
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Why is the Optis v. Apple Saga Significant?

Background Back in August 2020, Apple Inc. lost against the patent infringement suit (for two...
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The Core Principles of Trademark Fluidity

Introduction The approach towards any company's logo/mark has experienced a shift with the advent of...
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Encouraging Innovation: The Way Forward

In today’s technology-driven world, innovation is of paramount importance. Innovative products and processes reduce manufacturing...
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Who Owns the IP Created By Employees?

Background It is an accepted practice in the corporate sector that the company will file...
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The Arbitrability of IP Matters in India

  The Basics of IP Arbitration   Arbitration is a form of alternative dispute resolution...
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The Neighboring Rights of News Publishers

The French Competition Authority recently imposed a fine of half a billion euros on tech...
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Patent Evergreening and Its Effects

What is Evergreening? With the introduction of several vaccines against COVID-19, there have been debates...
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Fair Use or Fair Dealing: An Exception to Copyright IP

Copyright law is in place to protect unauthorized use of the original work of the...
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Can APIs be Protected Under Copyright Law?

A Pivotal 2020 US Case Law Google LLC v. Oracle America, Inc happens to be...
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First Sale Doctrine and the Exhaustion of IP Rights

Defining the First Sale Doctrine First Sale Doctrine is one of the exceptions to the...
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Sound Recording Rights and Copyright Societies

Copyright persists in musical, literary, artistic, dramatic, cinematographic and sound recording works. However, as per...
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Twitters’ Stand Against Indian Intermediary Guidelines

What Are These Guidelines About? After the enactment of Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital...
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What Are Anti-Trust or Anti-Competition Laws?

Competition or anti-trust laws are put in place for the dual objectives of protecting the...
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Corporate Control and Agricultural Rights

Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy. A whopping seventy percent of the country’s...
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Germanys’ Move to Deter Frivolous Patent Litigation

Patent trolls are one of the natural (if obstructive) offshoots of a highly competitive, saturated...
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What is Originality in Copyright?

The word original has been mentioned in Section 13(a) of the Indian Copyright Act, 1957...
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What Does Teslas’ Patent Portfolio Mean for the Road?

It’s no secret that different countries have different requirements when it comes to transport. However,...
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Software and IP Protection

As time passes, the technological advancements are picking up pace throughout the world. This results...
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Data Privacy and India’s Emerging Data Policies

In today’s world, the usage of electronic devices has increased manifold, which has also caused...
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Getting the Most Out of Your IP (Part II)

Once IP has been identified, a comprehensive strategy may then be formed to make full...
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Patent Wavier: The Real Answer to Vaccine Shortage?

Second waves of the COVID 19 pandemic have been encountered by many countries around the...
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Getting the Most Out of Your IP (Part I)

Over the past couple of decades, Intellectual Property has gone from being a necessary side-venture...
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The State of Covid-19 IP Waivers

The second wave of Covid-19 has hit many countries particularly hard, and none more so...
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The Battle of the Baskets: Trademark Distinctiveness in Businesses

In February 2021, online grocery shopping giant BIgBasket sent a cease and desist notice to...
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Flying Motorcycles and Legal Frameworks

It has become evident over time that inventions, in general, are more likely to be...
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Patent Development and Distribution during a Pandemic

Covid 19 bought the world to a standstill in 2020, and we are only now...
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Apple’s New Patents for Slimmer Laptops

Laptops have been getting slimmer and more portable since the first time they were proposed...
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What Does Mandatory Registration Mean for Your Copyright?

Copyright is one of the oldest forms of IP protection, dating back to a statute...
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A Look into Sony’s Variable Object Game Controller

It’s very likely that people who follow patenting news have encountered Sony’s recent patent application,...
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IP Protection For Your App: Why, Why Not and How

Application software or apps, programs designed to help customers perform specific tasks or activities, are...
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A Note on the Upcoming Social Media Regulations

Social media is an integral part of most people’s lives today. A study found that...
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The End of the IPAB?

The first leg of the 2021 budget session concluded on February 15th, and among the...
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Apple’s Potential Solution to Fraying Cables

Fraying cables and broken wires are a problem that everyone faces at some point or...
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Qualcomm’s Many Anti-Trust Lawsuits

Any patent regime is supposed to do two things: protect the rights of the inventor...
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The Effects of Under-Display Cameras on Privacy

As of 2020, almost half of the world’s population — an impressive 3.5 billion —...
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A Note on the Designs (Amendment) Rules, 2021

Industrial Designs, the Indian counterpart to community designs (EU) or design patents (USA) is governed...
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Theories of Moral Rights of Authorship

Droit morals or moral rights are non-economic rights protecting authors’ and artists’ reputation or personal...
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Can Recipes be Patented?

  Some inventions are clearly patentable at first glance; others less so. A soup recipe...
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Protection of Copyright under Berne Convention and TRIPS Agreement

In the initial stages of the development of Copyright Law, remedies for infringement were only...
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Is it Possible to Copyright Concept Notes?

It is settled law that as per the Idea-Expression doctrine, only an expression of an...
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