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Welcome

Many of us dream of monetizing our innovations and creations. Monetary benefits let us focus on our aspirations, making sure that we have the motivation to be more creative.

The first step to monetization is protecting your intellectual property. Be it technological innovation, brand value, or artistic efforts, protection allows a creator to focus on developing intellectual property without threats of theft or piracy.

At PA Legal, we specialize in helping you make the most of your intellectual property. We provide customized legal and intellectual property strategies based on your unique products. Our team specializes in leading you through the entire process, from identifying the types of intellectual property you have and can protect, to applying for legal protection, to commercializing and defending your property from external threats.

We believe that in today’s world, creativity and innovation matter more than physical assets, and we would like to help you secure your intellectual property.

Who Do We Serve?

Organizations
Start-ups
Entrepreneurs
Academic Institutions
Foreign Associates

What Do We Do?

Patent

Patents are at the forefront of the innovation business.

Trademark

Trademark is the engine that drives modern business.

copyright

Copyright

The last two decades have seen a paradigm shift in the way content is delivered

Design

The design for which protection is sought must be original, aesthetically appealing

Other forms of IP

Other forms of IP include plant varieties, geographical indications and trade secrets.

Global IP

IP is one of the few legal systems that have a global impact.

Litigation

We assist our clients in enforcing or defending intellectual property infringement claims.

Media and Entertainment

The past decade and a half has seen a steep rise in the spheres of media, entertainment and advertising.

Data privacy

Data Privacy

Cyber security is a growing concern for many of us today.

What We Do?

Intellectual Property

We provide Intellectual Property (IP) registration and management services

Media and Entertainment

We assist our clients in leveraging creativity for maximum commercial potential

Transactions and licensing

We advise our clients on transactional matters associated with intellectual property

IP Litigation and Enforcement

We assist our clients to enforce or defend intellectual property infringement claims

Why Should You Choose Us?

Welcome to The Pa Law

At PA Legal, our focus is always on our clients. It is important to us that you fully understand the entire process so that you can make informed decisions about how to protect your business assets. We always keep in mind our ultimate goal: meeting the specific and individualized needs of our clients, so that they can monetize their intellectual property with as little trouble as possible.

For this, PA legal focuses on real-time information updates and continuous upgradation of knowledge. Our firm incorporates the dynamics of the business environment and any changing requirements our clients may have, and our custom strategies are formulated while keeping in mind the nature of both our client and their assets. We take pride in providing personalized attention and being quick to respond to the needs of our clients. 

We realize that the interests of our clients are equivalent to our own. Consequently, our services are delivered with the utmost integrity, sincerity, commitment, and professionalism.

Integrity and Trust Are Our Founding Values

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Scott Player

"Punctual, diligent, detailed, and pleasure to work with! I highly recommend PA Legal"

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Nael Mansi

"I love their professionalism, deep understanding of patent process and affordability"

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Our Blog

Can We Photograph IP-Protected Objects? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Patent Living Organisms in Europe?

Introduction A Patent is a form of Intellectual Property Right, which are rights of ownership...
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What is a Patent Cliff?

Introduction You've developed a drug or medicine. You’ve spent years developing it, spent practically all...
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How Can Athletes Use IP? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Case Note: Cadila Healthcare Ltd. v. Cadila Pharmaceuticals

Introduction The case marks a landmark moment in the history of unregistered trademark passing off....
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6 Things You Need to Know About Design Protection

According to the Indian Designs Act, 2000, the term “design” refers to the specific features...
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Can Mathematical Methods be Patented? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Register a Design in India?

What is a Design? According to the Indian Designs Act, 2000, the term "design" refers...
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What is the Budapest Treaty in Patent Law?

How Did this Treaty Come Into Being? The United Kingdom had presented a proposal to...
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Can We Protect Food with IP? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Can “Deemed To Be Abandoned” Patents Be Revived?

What is Section 21 of the Patents Act? When a patent applicant does not comply...
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Can Patent Claims be Interpreted Broadly?

Amendments to Patent Specifications Claims determine the scope or extent of protection granted to a...
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What Happens When Organizations Don’t Do Their Due Diligence? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What’s the Difference Between a Trademark and a Brand?

Introduction It is not uncommon for people to confuse a company's trademark with its brand,...
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What is the Influence of IP on E-Sports and Gaming?

How Are E-Sports Heralding a New Era? Sports are pretty easy to define. They are...
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Can You Patent Innovative Agricultural Methods? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Are Performer’s Rights?

Introduction Copyright is a form of intellectual property protection granted under the law to the...
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Can Food Plating Be Protected by IP?

Why is This Significant? In today’s world, one cannot deny the power of social media...
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Can Surnames Be Trademarked? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Revoke a Patent?

What is Revocation of Patent? The term “Revocation” means Cancellation of the patent rights granted...
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An Introduction to NFTs

Consider Non Fungible Tokens, a concept that has been making waves (and dips) all over...
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Can A Granted Patent Be Revoked? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Decide if a Trademark is Likely to Cause Confusion?

What is Likelihood of Confusion in Trademarks? Trademarks are primarily based around the ability of...
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How Do You Protect Software with Copyright Law?

How is Software Protected? Software is something that people normally associate with technology, and we...
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Can Software Be Patented in India? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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IP Overview | Patent Opposition in India

What is a patent? The patent refers to the exclusive right which is granted to...
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IP Simplified | Overview of the Patents Act, 1970

What is a Patent? A patent is the exclusive right granted for an invention, which...
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What Kind of Drugs Can Be Patented in India? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is the Idea-Expression Dichotomy In Copyright Law?

Ideas, Expression, and Copyright Can you copyright an idea, and if not why not? And...
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What is the Patent Cooperation Treaty?

International Patent Filings In our previous article, we discussed forms of international patent filing and...
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Are Arms and Ammunition Patentable? IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is the Paris Convention in IP Law?

Do Global IP Rights Exist? Laws, as we all know by now, are territorial. Many...
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Who Owns Celebrity Publicity Rights? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is Deceptive Similarity in Trademarks?

What is Deceptive Similarity? It is generally not a very pretty sight when two people...
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What are the Copyright Issues involved in Research?

Introduction Intellectual Property is regarded as one of the most thought-provoking and unconventional domains in...
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Does IP Play Any Role in Religion? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What is the First Sale Doctrine in Copyright?

What is the First Sale Doctrine? The doctrine of first sale, in essence, limits the...
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What is the Fast Tracking of Green Patents?

The Need for Green IP In 1988 Dr. James Hansen, the then Director of NASA’s...
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Can Cartoon Characters Be Protected? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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What Are Amazon Prime’s Video Content Policy Guidelines?

What Are Content Guidelines? In an age of increasingly numerous streaming platforms, it may be...
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Can Unregistered Trademarks Be Protected?

Introduction The term "Passing Off" refers to the unlawful use of a trademark that is...
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What Can’t Be Patented? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Color Marks – A New Palette in the world of IPR

Why Are Color Marks Desirable? Media and advertising have over the years taken center stage...
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Patents Simplified: Automatic Multi-Functional Life Rescue Flood House

Why is this Significant? Legally speaking, floods are considered as an ‘Act of God’, something...
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What Are Copyright Societies?

Why Are Copyright Societies Necessary? Copyright societies in general are saviors of copyright owners. Copyright...
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Who Owns Bluetooth Technology? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Brand Protection in India and the USA, A Comparison

Trademark Protection in India In India, trademark rights are legally protected by the Trademark Act,...
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How Do Copyright Exceptions Work Under Indian Law?

What are Fair Use and Fair Dealing? Fair Use and Fair Dealing are concepts related...
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What is a Trade Secret? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Can You Use Graphics Similar To Popular Brands? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Do You Respond to a Trademark Troll?

Introduction A ‘Trademark troll’ is defined as any individual or entity which engages in pre-emptive...
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Do Clothes Have IP Protection? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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How Can You Protect Your Social Media Content?

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Can Colours Be Protected as IP? | IP Conversations

Why? What? When? How? These are some of the most used words in John’s dictionary....
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Examining Traditional Knowledge Through the Lens of IP Law

Introduction The cornerstone of cultural patrimony is traditional knowledge. The bulk of indigenous and local...
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What Is the Stance of US Law on Works Made For Hire?

Who Owns Creators’ Works? Spiderman, Ironman, Thor etc. are household names and the comics and...
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What is Section 3(d) of the Indian Patents Act?

What is Section 3 (d)? Any patent related statute in any country has the intention...
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Can Characters Be Copyrighted in India?

Copyright Protection for Characters Section 13 of the Indian Copyright Act provides that copyright subsists...
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The Shreya Singhal Judgement & Section 66A of the IT Act

On March 24, 2015, the Supreme Court of India ruled that that Section 66A of...
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What’s the Relationship between Descriptiveness and Distinctiveness in Trademarks?

Inherent Distinctiveness The degree to which a trade-mark does not define the nature, character, or...
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How Did Intellectual Property Rights Start?

Introduction To the common man, “intellectual property” might seem like it’s purely a product of...
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How Does Patent Evergreening Affect Innovation?

What is Patent Evergreening? The term evergreening in itself denotes the process of keeping something...
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What is Joint Authorship in Copyright Law?

The Doctrine of Joint Authorship According to Indian copyright law, an author is an individual...
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Patents Simplified: How Do Multi-Foldable Laptops Work?

Why Is This Significant? Laptops have been an essential component of people’s working lives for...
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Copyright and Song Covers: Whose Permission Do You Need?

What is the Cover Version of a Song? An original song consists of a literary...
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How Do Patent Pools Affect Innovation?

What Are Patent Pools? A patent pool is a collaboration between two or more companies...
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Patents Simplified: A Solution for Sewage Treatment

Why Is This Invention Important? Today, we can see the problem of drinking water has...
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Is Minor Usage of Media Material Copyright Infringement?

De Minimis in Copyright ‘De minimis’ refers to a trivial legal violation that is insufficient...
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What is the WIPO Copyright Treaty?

Introduction The WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) is an agreement which originated from the Berne Convention....
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What Are Authors’ Moral Rights?

Introduction Copyright primarily concerns itself with the ‘rights of the authors’ which means that the...
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What is India’s Data Security Regime?

Introduction India's privacy protection has been challenged regularly, but detractors have rarely offered detailed reform...
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How Can We Use Comparative Advertisements in India?

Introduction Comparative advertisements refer to advertisements wherein brands compare their own products/services with that of...
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The Role of IP in Mergers and Acquisitions

In recent years, mergers and acquisitions have emerged as the primary method for rapid expansion...
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How Do You Calculate of Damages Arising Out of Trademark and Copyright Infringement?

Introduction In India, when it comes to calculating the quantum of damages for IP infringement,...
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Tattoos and Copyright: How Does Having a Picture Inked to Your Body Interact With Authorship Rights?

Introduction To have a piece of art or a word engraved on one’s body takes...
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How Can IP Owners Enforce Their Rights Across Borders?

Introduction Counterfeit goods are the replicas of the real product produced with the intent to...
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How Do You Trademark Non-Traditional Marks in India?

Introduction In order to bolster their brand image and to attract the consumers companies have...
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How Do GamePlays & Walkthroughs Affect Creator Rights?

Introduction Lately the entertainment industry has been coming up with a wide variety of content...
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Digital Rights Management – Boon or Bane?

Introduction With the increase in technological advances, the world as we know it is drifting...
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Why Distinctiveness Matters in Trademark Law

Introduction Trademarks are a significant asset for any corporation. A mark can be a phrase,...
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GI As a Tool for Rural Development

Introduction A Geographical Indication is a specific type of intellectual property that is bestowed on...
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How Does Intellectual Property Influence AI & Robotics Healthcare?

Introduction The study of building computers and systems that can accomplish activities that generally require...
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Do Performers Have Any Rights Under Copyright Law?

Introduction Copyright law, broadly, provides protection for creative works. The most cited of these are...
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What Are Parallel Imports, and How Legal Are They?

Parallel Imports The term "parallel imports" causes consternation among brand owners and the general public....
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Why Are Semiconductor Layouts Treated Differently Under the IP Regime?

Introduction An Integrated Circuit is a form of circuit in which various semiconductor devices like...
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How Are Startups Affected By the IP Regime?

Introduction Novel ventures have always been an important part of the business market. In today’s...
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Should Consumers Possess the Right to Repair?

Introduction From vehicles to electronic goods, consumers, trapped in a vicious circle concocted by the...
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Can We Use Artificial Intelligence to Protect Trademarks?

Introduction A trademark is a way of marking a specific product or service with a...
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Patents and the Right to Health in the COVID-19 Era

Introduction IP Access to Health is essential nowadays in the pandemic because a healthy mind...
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How Does the Fair Use Concept Work in India?

What is Fair Use? At the outset, it is important to clarify the usages of...
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AI-Generated Inventions and Their Patentability

Introduction Artificial Intelligence refers to the creation and development of complex, human-like brains. It is a branch...
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How did Disney Influence US Copyright Law?

Copyright is what allows creators or authors have the exclusive right to reproduce their work...
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What Are the Guidelines Pertaining to Legal Reporting?

Introduction Every day, law students log in and read cases that go back as old...
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The Basics of Character Merchandising

What is Character Merchandising? At some point of time in our childhood we all have...
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Why Do Celebrities Not Own Their Paparazzi Photos?

Introduction Recently, Grammy award-winning British singer, Dua Lipa fell into some legal trouble. She was...
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How Do We Deal With Fake News?

Introduction Every day we are bombarded with hundreds of news items. From our favourite news...
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How Does Digital Piracy Affect Cinematographic Works?

Introduction The pandemic has resulted in a surge in online piracy. India showed a rise...
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How Do We Deal With Rogue Websites?

What Are Rogue Websites? The internet has brought one of the biggest revolutions in the...
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How Do We Protect Film Director Rights in India?

Introduction What is a ship without its captain? Perhaps a ship anchored at a port....
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Why is the Optis v. Apple Saga Significant?

Background Back in August 2020, Apple Inc. lost against the patent infringement suit (for two...
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The Core Principles of Trademark Fluidity

Introduction The approach towards any company's logo/mark has experienced a shift with the advent of...
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Encouraging Innovation: The Way Forward

In today’s technology-driven world, innovation is of paramount importance. Innovative products and processes reduce manufacturing...
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Who Owns the IP Created By Employees?

Background It is an accepted practice in the corporate sector that the company will file...
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The Arbitrability of IP Matters in India

  The Basics of IP Arbitration   Arbitration is a form of alternative dispute resolution...
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The Neighboring Rights of News Publishers

The French Competition Authority recently imposed a fine of half a billion euros on tech...
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Patent Evergreening and Its Effects

What is Evergreening? With the introduction of several vaccines against COVID-19, there have been debates...
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Fair Use or Fair Dealing: An Exception to Copyright IP

Copyright law is in place to protect unauthorized use of the original work of the...
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Can APIs be Protected Under Copyright Law?

A Pivotal 2020 US Case Law Google LLC v. Oracle America, Inc happens to be...
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First Sale Doctrine and the Exhaustion of IP Rights

Defining the First Sale Doctrine First Sale Doctrine is one of the exceptions to the...
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Sound Recording Rights and Copyright Societies

Copyright persists in musical, literary, artistic, dramatic, cinematographic and sound recording works. However, as per...
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Twitters’ Stand Against Indian Intermediary Guidelines

What Are These Guidelines About? After the enactment of Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital...
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What Are Anti-Trust or Anti-Competition Laws?

Competition or anti-trust laws are put in place for the dual objectives of protecting the...
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Corporate Control and Agricultural Rights

Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy. A whopping seventy percent of the country’s...
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Germanys’ Move to Deter Frivolous Patent Litigation

Patent trolls are one of the natural (if obstructive) offshoots of a highly competitive, saturated...
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What is Originality in Copyright?

The word original has been mentioned in Section 13(a) of the Indian Copyright Act, 1957...
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What Does Teslas’ Patent Portfolio Mean for the Road?

It’s no secret that different countries have different requirements when it comes to transport. However,...
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Software and IP Protection

As time passes, the technological advancements are picking up pace throughout the world. This results...
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Data Privacy and India’s Emerging Data Policies

In today’s world, the usage of electronic devices has increased manifold, which has also caused...
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Getting the Most Out of Your IP (Part II)

Once IP has been identified, a comprehensive strategy may then be formed to make full...
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Patent Wavier: The Real Answer to Vaccine Shortage?

Second waves of the COVID 19 pandemic have been encountered by many countries around the...
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Getting the Most Out of Your IP (Part I)

Over the past couple of decades, Intellectual Property has gone from being a necessary side-venture...
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The State of Covid-19 IP Waivers

The second wave of Covid-19 has hit many countries particularly hard, and none more so...
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The Battle of the Baskets: Trademark Distinctiveness in Businesses

In February 2021, online grocery shopping giant BIgBasket sent a cease and desist notice to...
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Flying Motorcycles and Legal Frameworks

It has become evident over time that inventions, in general, are more likely to be...
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Patent Development and Distribution during a Pandemic

Covid 19 bought the world to a standstill in 2020, and we are only now...
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Apple’s New Patents for Slimmer Laptops

Laptops have been getting slimmer and more portable since the first time they were proposed...
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What Does Mandatory Registration Mean for Your Copyright?

Copyright is one of the oldest forms of IP protection, dating back to a statute...
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A Look into Sony’s Variable Object Game Controller

It’s very likely that people who follow patenting news have encountered Sony’s recent patent application,...
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IP Protection For Your App: Why, Why Not and How

Application software or apps, programs designed to help customers perform specific tasks or activities, are...
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A Note on the Upcoming Social Media Regulations

Social media is an integral part of most people’s lives today. A study found that...
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The End of the IPAB?

The first leg of the 2021 budget session concluded on February 15th, and among the...
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Apple’s Potential Solution to Fraying Cables

Fraying cables and broken wires are a problem that everyone faces at some point or...
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Qualcomm’s Many Anti-Trust Lawsuits

Any patent regime is supposed to do two things: protect the rights of the inventor...
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The Effects of Under-Display Cameras on Privacy

As of 2020, almost half of the world’s population — an impressive 3.5 billion —...
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A Note on the Designs (Amendment) Rules, 2021

Industrial Designs, the Indian counterpart to community designs (EU) or design patents (USA) is governed...
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Theories of Moral Rights of Authorship

Droit morals or moral rights are non-economic rights protecting authors’ and artists’ reputation or personal...
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Can Recipes be Patented?

  Some inventions are clearly patentable at first glance; others less so. A soup recipe...
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Protection of Copyright under Berne Convention and TRIPS Agreement

In the initial stages of the development of Copyright Law, remedies for infringement were only...
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Is it Possible to Copyright Concept Notes?

It is settled law that as per the Idea-Expression doctrine, only an expression of an...
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