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How Do You Protect Trade Secrets?

What is Intellectual Property?

Intellectual property and trade secrets are important forms of legal protection that help to encourage innovation, creativity, and the development of new ideas and technologies. Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names, and images, that are used in commerce. There are several different types of intellectual property, including patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets.

How Do You Protect IP?

There are also several international laws and agreements that help to protect intellectual property and trade secrets on a global scale. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is an international organization that promotes the protection of intellectual property rights around the world. The WIPO administers several international treaties that provide protection for intellectual property, including the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).

Trademarks are used to protect brand names, logos, and other symbols that are used to identify a company or its products. Patents are used to protect inventions and new technologies. There are specific governmental organizations and procedures to obtain this protection. The protection of trade secrets, on the other hand, are not governed by any law in India.

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What Are Trade Secrets?

Trade secrets are a type of intellectual property that refers to confidential business information that is not generally known by others. Trade secrets can include things like recipes, formulas, business plans, and other types of confidential information that gives a company an advantage over its competitors. Trade secrets are valuable because they allow a company to maintain a competitive edge in the marketplace by keeping its information and processes secret.

How Can You Protect Trade Secrets?

There are several ways that companies can protect their trade secrets. One way is through the use of contracts and agreements, such as non-disclosure agreements (NDAs), which can be used to protect confidential information that is shared with others.

In addition to these legal protections, companies can also take steps to physically protect their intellectual property and trade secrets. This can include things like limiting access to certain areas of a company’s facilities, using password protection and other security measures to protect electronic information, and training employees on the importance of maintaining confidentiality.

What Information Qualifies to Be a Trade Secret?

However, it is important for companies to keep in mind that trade secrets are not automatically protected simply because they are considered valuable or confidential. In order to qualify as a trade secret, the information must meet certain criteria.

First, the information must not be generally known or readily ascertainable by others in the industry. This means that the information must not be readily accessible to the public or to competitors through legal means.

Second, the company must take reasonable measures to keep the information secret. This can include using NDAs, physical and technical measures, and other methods to prevent the information from being disclosed.

And finally, the information itself must have some value. A highly protected information that has no commercial value cannot be a trade secret.


Overall, IP and trade secrets are important forms of legal protection that help to promote creativity, innovation and competition in the marketplace. By registering IP, Using NDAs, implementing security measures, training employees and enforcing IP rights, business and individuals can effectively protect their creations, innovations and confidential information.

AuthorVed Prakash, Legal Intern at PA Legal.

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